Dr. Charles G.M. Paxton
Research interests: Aquatic animal behaviour & ecology, aquatic animal abundance and diversity estimation, history of science and epistemology (especially with regard to anomalous or low frequency natural phenomena)
If you want to find out about my work on the science and history behind stories of sea monsters then go here but see the PDFs below.
Module coordinator: ID2003 Science Methods, BL4254 Fisheries Research.
Paxton, C.G.M., Hedley, S. & Bannister, J.L. Group IV Humpback whales:
their status from aerial and land-based surveys off
Paxton, CG.M. (2009) The plural of “anecdote” can be “data”: statistical analysis of viewing distances in reports of unidentified giant marine animals 1758 – 2000 Journal of Zoology 279, 381–387. Details here
Pike, D.G., Paxton, C.G.M., Gunnlaugsson, Th. & Víkingsson, G.A. (2009) Trends in the abundance of cetaceans from aerial surveys in Icelandic coastal waters, 1986-2001. NAMMCO Scientific Publications 7, 117 – 142.
Paxton, C.G.M., Burt, M.L., Hedley S. & Víkingsson, G.A., Gunnlaugsson, Th. & Desportes, G. (2009) Density surface fitting to estimate the abundance of humpback whales based on the NASS-95 and NASS-2001 aerial and shipboard surveys NAMMCO Scientific Publications 7, 143 – 160.
Paxton, C.G.M., Winfield, I.J. Fletcher, J.M., George, D. G., & Hewitt, D.P. (2009) Investigation of
first year biotic and abiotic influences on the
recruitment of pike (Esox lucius) in
Macqueen, D.J., Robb, D.H.F., Olsen, T. Melstveit, L., Paxton, C.G.M. & Johnston, I.A. (2008) Temperature until the ‘eyed stage’ of embryogenesis programmes the growth trajectory and muscle phenotype of adult Atlantic salmon. Biology Letters 4(3), 294-298.
Southwell, C., Paxton, C.G.M. and Borchers, D.L. (2008). Detectability
of penguins in aerial surveys over the pack-ice off
Southwell, C., Paxton, C.G.M.,
Southwell, C., Paxton C.G.M., Borchers, D., Boveng, P., and de la Mare, W. (2008). Taking account of
dependent species in management of the Southern Ocean krill fishery: estimating
crabeater seal abundance off east
Southwell, C., Paxton C.G.M., Borchers, D.L., Boveng, P., Blix, A.S., and Nordřy, E.S. (2008). Estimating population status under
conditions of uncertainty: the Ross seal in east
Southwell, C., Borchers, D., de la Mare, B., Paxton, C.G.M., Burt, L., de la Mare, W. (2007) Estimation of detection probability on aerial surveys of Antarctic pack-ice seals. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, 12, 1–14.
Borchers, D.L., Laake, J.L. Southwell, C. & Paxton, C.G.M. (2006) Accommodating unmodelled heterogeneity in double-observer distance sampling surveys. Biometrics 62, 372-378
C.G.M., Knatterud, E. & Hedley, S.L. (2005)
Cetaceans, sex & sea serpents: an analysis of the Egede
accounts of a “Most Dreadful Monster” seen off the coast of
Paxton, C.G.M., Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., George, G.L. & Hewitt, D.P. (2004) Abiotic and biotic influences on the recruitment of Windermere perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Fish Biology 65, 1622–1642
Cotter, J., Burt, L., Paxton, C.G.M., Fernandez, C., Buckland, S.T. & Pan, J.X. (2004) Are stock assessment methods too complicated? A critical review centred on North Sea demersal stocks. Fish & Fisheries 5, 235-254.
Johnston, I.A, Manthri, S., Alderson, R., Smart, A., Campbell, P., Nickell, D., Robertson, B., Paxton, C.G.M. & Burt, M.L. (2003) Freshwater environment affects growth rate and muscle fibre recruitment in sea water stages of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) Journal of Experimental Biology 206, 1337-1351.
Paxton, C.G.M. & Winfield, I.J. (2000) Some statistical aspects of the long-term gill net monitoring programme for pike Esox lucius in Windermere (English Lake District). Freshwater Forum 14, 35-50.
Paxton, C.G.M. & Willoughby, L.G. (2000) Resistance of perch eggs to attack by aquatic fungi. Journal of Fish Biology 57, 562-570
Paxton, C.G.M., Winfield, I.J, Fletcher, J.M. & Hewitt, D.P. (1999) Sex ratio changes in the long term Windermere pike and perch monitoring programme. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 8, 78-84.
Paxton, C.G.M. (1998) A cumulative species description curve for large open water marine animals. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 78, 1389-1391.
Bubier, N.E., Paxton, C.G.M., Bowers, P. & Deeming, D.C. (1998)
Courtship behaviour of ostriches (Struthio camelus) towards humans under farming
Paxton, C.G.M. (1997) Shoaling and activity levels in Corydoras catfish (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) Journal of Fish Biology 51, 496-502.
Paxton, C.G.M. (1996) Isolation and the development of shoaling in two populations of the guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Journal of Fish Biology 49, 514-520.
Magurran, A.E., Paxton, C.G.M., Seghers, B.H., Shaw, P.W., & Carvalho, G.R. (1996) Genetic divergence, female choice and male mating success in Trinidadian guppies. Behaviour 133, 503-517.
Paxton, C.G.M., Crampton, W.G.C. & Burgess, P. (1996) Miocene deposits in the Amazonian foreland basin. Science 273, 123.
Paxton, C.G.M. & Magurran, A.E. (1994) Brightly coloured schools and red herrings: a reply to Roccanova. Animal Behaviour 48, 1459-1460.
Paxton, C.G.M., Magurran, A.E. & Zschokke, S. (1994) Caudal eyespots on fish predators influence the inspection behaviour of Trinidadian guppies, Poecilia reticulata. Journal of Fish Biology 44, 175-177.
Paxton, C.G.M. (2004) Giant squids are red herrings: why Architeuthis is an unlikely source of sea monster sightings. The Cryptozoology Review 4(2), 10-16.
Paxton, C.G.M. (2002) In search of monsters? A defense of cryptozoology. The Skeptic 15(3).
Paxton, C.G.M. (2001) Predicting pelagic peculiarities: some thoughts on future discoveries in the open seas. Cryptos Dracontology Special 1, 60-65.
Last modified: January 2010.